The MVS-c was presented orally in a structured interview and with the aid of visual response options.
Validating in c
The MVS-c has, however, only been validated among children between eight and eleven years old.
Subsequently, the current study aims to take the next step by validating this scale among children in early childhood.
There are three main advantages of the MVS-c over the collage measurement.
Firstly, the close-ended scale is more time-efficient than the collage while measuring young children’s materialism.
Although several measurement scales were developed to measure the construct among older children and adolescents (e.g., Bottomley et al.
) (i.e., material centrality, material happiness, and material success).
All items of the MVS-c were formulated in a clear language and address types of possessions that are relevant in children’s lives (Opree et al. Furthermore, the number of response options was reduced from five to four, because neutral response options need to be avoided in research among children; children have difficulty distinguishing a difference in meaning between options when six or more are used (Borgers et al. The MVS-c was proven valid and reliable in measuring materialism among eight- to eleven-year-olds.
The original MVS-c authors also tested two shorter versions of the scale.
Just as the original MVS, the scale consists of three subscales including six items each.
The original 18 MVS items were adjusted to make them more appropriate for use among children.
Research has shown that not only children in middle childhood, but even children in early childhood may value the possession of material goods (Goldberg and Gorn ) found that they actually have an understanding of the value of possessions based on social significance.