The result was an aristocratic revolt, supported by members of the clergy around the country.
Although fragmented and disorganised, the revolts continued until the King withdrew his demands at this challenge to his authority, which was greeted by thousands taking to the street to celebrate.
Due to the poorly organised taxation system it was impossible for the King and his finance minister to make up the deficit without serious reforms.
In 1787 he called a meeting of 144 leading nobles, the Assembly of Notables, to attempt to persuade them to pay tax in return for increased powers.
The nobles refused his requests and were supported by the local assembly; the Parlement de Paris.
Outraged at this perceived slight to his authority, King Louis exiled the Parlement to Troyes on 15 August 1788.
This overtaxing was one of the major causes of the French Revolution.
The leaders of the Third Estate were the upper middle class, especially lawyers; they are called the bourgeoisie.The Church paid this annually, and decided how much it would pay and varied depending on the power of the King or the mood of the Church, which was usually about 5% of its income.The Second Estate was about 2% of the population and they controlled 20% of the land.The social contract spoke against titles for nobility and demanded complete equality for all people.French Revolutionary ideals, especially thanks to Napoleon, later inspired liberal and democratic movements of the 19th Century.It inspired fear into European monarchs and aristocrats as well as conservative intellectuals like Edmund Burke in Britain, who mobilized to fight the Revolution, and finally succeeded in 1815.